面向世界科技前沿,面向国家重大需求,面向国民经济主战场,率先实现科学技术跨越发展,率先建成国家创新人才高地,率先建成国家高水平科技智库,率先建设国际一流科研机构。

——中国科学院办院方针

首页 >  > 

爱购彩-爱购彩登录官网

時間:2022-08-23 來源:本站 點擊:258次
【字体:

今日谷雨,也是联合国中文日******

原标题:今日谷雨,也是联合国中文日

今日谷雨。

谷雨是春季最后一个节气。每年4月19日至21日,太阳到达黄经30°时为谷雨,源自古人“雨生百谷”之说,同时也是播种移苗、埯瓜点豆的最佳时节。

二十四节气

春雨惊春清谷天,夏满芒夏暑相连;

秋处露秋寒霜降,冬雪雪冬小大寒。

除了是谷雨,今天还是联合国中文日。

2010年,当时的联合国新闻部将中国传统农历二十四节气中的“谷雨”定为联合国中文日,以纪念“中华文字始祖”仓颉的贡献。

谷雨、联合国中文日、仓颉,它们之间是怎么联系起来的?这都要从仓颉“造字”说起。

谷雨的由来

关于谷雨的由来,有一些比较有趣的传说。据古籍《淮南子》记载,谷雨的由来与仓颉有关。

传说,在四千多年前,轩辕黄帝需要一位才能出众的史官,仓颉便走马上任了。他以结绳记事,把各项事务记录得十分清楚,颇受黄帝赏识。

但后来社会进步了,结绳记事渐渐地不再能够完全满足需求,仓颉十分发愁。

有一次,他恰好跟着一个猎人外出狩猎,猎人指着地上的各种野兽的踪迹向仓颉讲解,如何据此判断野兽的去向。

受到启发的仓颉依类象形,终于创造出文字。

当时天下正遭受灾荒,仓颉造字感动了上天,就下了一场特殊的“雨”,落下数不清的谷米粮食,后人就把这一天叫作“谷雨”。

这是神话传说中谷雨的由来。可是,“中华文字始祖”仓颉是何人?汉字真的是他创造的吗?

仓颉造字

传世文献对此有明确记载。比如,《荀子·解蔽》:“好书者众矣,而仓颉独传者一也。”《吕氏春秋·君守》:“仓颉作书。”《淮南子·本经训》:“昔者仓颉作书而天雨粟,鬼夜哭。”《论衡·骨相》:“仓颉四目,为黄帝史。”

但根据这些记载,我们并不能肯定汉字是仓颉所造。

古往今来,无论是《淮南子》所记载的类似神话的猜想,还是今人依据大量考古资料所做的科学探索,都不能视为给出了明确答案。

古书中有关仓颉的材料,最为大家熟知的就是:“昔者仓颉作书而天雨粟,鬼夜哭”和“仓颉四目,为黄帝史”。

两条材料均极为简略。“天雨粟”“鬼夜哭”“仓颉四目”几乎无异于神话传说,不能当真;“仓颉作书”“为黄帝史”倒是可以拨开迷雾,找寻历史上的蛛丝马迹。

古人不是独对汉字的创造者有过追溯,对上古时期一系列对人类社会发展有重大影响的创造发明者都有过追溯,正如《吕氏春秋·君守》记载:“奚仲作车,仓颉作书,后稷作稼,皋陶作刑,昆吾作陶,夏鲧作城。”

不过,仓颉与其他五人一样,未必是真实的历史人物,若把他当作历史上应该存在过的对该事件起过重要作用的某个或某类人的象征符号,倒是客观得多。

仓颉“为黄帝史”这一传说传递出一个重要信息,就是汉字的创造者与史官有关。

甲骨文、金文中均有很多“史”的记载,他们或主持祭祀祝祷,或记事,或宣读册命等,部分用作族氏名,而“史”这一族氏就源于其职官。

史官作为早期负责文字记录事务的人,是当时识字水平和文化程度最高的人,他们对文字的整理、传承、改造和规范自然作出过重要贡献。

文字的发明之于仓颉,与制礼作乐之于周公、造纸术之于蔡伦等历史上其他重大事件一样,都是集众多前人智慧于一身,或者进行系统整理,或者加以改进提升,于是因逐渐普及而广为人知。

这正如《荀子》所记载的:“故好书者众矣,而仓颉独传者,壹也;好稼者众矣,而后稷独传者,壹也。好乐者众矣,而夔独传者,壹也;好义者众矣,而舜独传者,壹也。”

由此看来,仓颉连接起了传统的二十四节气与现代的联合国中文日。

小知识

联合国英文日是4月23日。这是英国著名剧作家、诗人威廉·莎士比亚(1564.4.23—1616.4.23)的诞辰、逝世纪念日。这一天也是世界读书日。

联合国西班牙文日也是4月23日。这是西班牙伟大作家塞万提斯(1547.9.29—1616.4.23)的逝世纪念日。

联合国法文日是3月20日。这也是“全球法语日”,是为了纪念法语国家组织的成立。法语国家组织成立于1970年,目前有57个正式成员和20个观察员。

联合国俄文日是6月6日。这一天,是俄罗斯著名文学家、诗人、小说家亚历山大·谢尔盖耶维奇·普希金(1799.6.6—1837.1.29)的诞辰纪念日。

联合国阿拉伯语日是12月18日。这是为了纪念1973年12月18日联大通过决议将阿拉伯语列为联合国正式工作语言之一。

情报员:光明日报、中新网、外研社

编辑员:晓书虫

图片源:网络图片

西安加快处理“难停车”难题 计划三年新建停车位51万只******

  10月30日,市人民政府常务会决议并标准根据《西安处理“停车难”难题三年行动方案(2021-2023年)》(下称《行动方案》)。据了解,本市方案三年新创建停车位5一万个,每一年营销推广共享停车场不少于30处,加速处理“停车难”难题,持续提高广大群众的幸福感和满意率。

  逐渐搭建。

  “有一位,井然有序,共创,共享”停车格�。�

  ��行动方案》对焦当今本市“停车难”现况特性,紧抓停车管理方法“全国各地一流,聪慧方便快捷”工作标准,依照近远融合,逐层执行工作目标,积极开展处理“停车难”难题三年行動,促进全省停车整体规划,基本建设,管理方法科学标准,聪慧停车服务平台完工运作,停车服务质量大幅度提高,全方位产生“以配套停车设备为主导,路外公共性停车设备辅助,路内停车为填补”的大城市停车管理体系,逐渐搭建“有一位,井然有序,共创,共享”停车布局,完成停车整治与城市公共交通共享发展。

  依据本市停车管理方法现况难题,《行动方案》依照“政府部门核心,属地;科学整体规划,综合性强化措施;聪慧监管,資源共享;要求管控,价钱正确引导;关键提升,法治建设”标准,确立提升根源整体规划管控,加速基本建设提升提供,共享停车做大做强資源,搭建聪慧体系管理,健全自主创新规范标准,全方位提高整治水准,低碳出行均衡要求七大类工作目标。

  ��行动方案》明确提出,科学定编全省停车场总体规划,提升停车场土地确保,健全机动车辆停车位建设规划。加速基本建设提升提供,三年新创建停车位5一万个(在其中每一年新创建配套停车位十五万个,新创建公共性停车位2万个);融合早已经营与现已启用的地铁路线全力基本建设P R停车场,积极主动运用闲置不用商业用地基本建设临时性停车场;灵活运用商业广场,院校,生态公园绿化,体育场馆,旅游景点及其枢纽站,公交车调度室等公用设施地面上,城市地下空间基本建设公共性停车设备。

  做大做强共享停车資源。

  每一年营销推广共享停车场不少于30处。

  ��行动方案》明确提出,全面推行停车資源有偿服务错锋共享,激励具有安全工作标准的政府机关,机关事业单位,住宅小区及商业服务公共建筑的停车设备,在达到自购的情形下扩大开放,推行有偿服务应用,错锋共享,全省每一年营销推广共享停车场不少于30处;基本建设小区共享停车试点,设定老旧小区改造“潮汛停车位”,提升非顶峰时间段(晚间,国家法定假日等)停车位合理提供;促进不一样居住小区中间,同样居住小区内不一样所有权停车位的普遍共享,提升停车位利用率。

  本市还将充分发挥互联网技术强劲作用,打造出“情景交融,网上汇聚,数据预处理,应用方便快捷”的聪慧停车服务平台;制订全省停车数据信息连接规范,搜集停车场动,静态数据停车信息内容并逐渐入录西安市聪慧停车服务平台;促进智能化系统提升更新改造,城市建设聪慧停车信息化管理综合服务平台,手机端APP,完成都市圈停车管理方法“一张网,一张图,一个APP”。

  加强路面停车位管理方法。

  进行停车纪律綜合治理。

  在健全自主创新规范标准层面,本市将修定西安公共性停车场基本建设有关现行政策,健全停车收费标准管理方法现行政策,科学制订阶梯性多元化收费标准,创建价格动态性调整管理机制。

  与此同时,本市将全方位提高整治水准。科学整体规划路内停车停车位,按时评定,动态性调节路内停车配制,加强路面停车位管理方法,按时对全省路内停车停车位开展巡视;进行停车纪律綜合治理,关键提升对院校,医院门诊,商业服务地区等重点地区违反规定停车个人行为的依法行政。提升停车服务项目及收费标准管控,严厉查处二次收费,无证无照运营,擅自抢地收费标准等违纪行为;制订停车场运营管理标准,确保停车设备使用和经营人合法权利。

  坚持不懈“公交车优先选择”战略定位,全力推动地铁站建设工程,扩张公交车专用道执行范畴,提升公交车线路网,提升公共汽车的便捷性,舒适度,吸引住大量群众挑选城市公共交通交通出行;定编健全慢行城市交通整体规划,标准互联网技术租用单车身心健康发展趋势,科学明确共享自行车推广经营规模和放置定位点,完成城市公共交通与互联网技术租用单车便捷转乘,处理好城市公共交通“最后一公里”难题。


来源于:西安晚报。

编写:唐港。

【爱购彩-爱购彩登录官网👉👉十年信誉大平台,点击进入👉👉 打造国内最专业最具信赖的彩票平台,为您提供爱购彩-爱购彩登录官网用户登录全网最精准计划软件,APP下载登陆,强大的竞彩网上推荐!!】

呼声回应丨海棠湾应用临时用电忽然关闭电源 西咸新区:协调再接入一专用型电缆线******

  12月6日,有群众体现,西咸新区西三环海棠湾,现阶段早已搬入四五百户一直应用临时用电,电压不稳再再加上房地产商未配备预留发电机设备,住宅小区不区分时间段忽然关闭电源,电梯轿厢停止运营、高层住宅停水通知,给已搬入住户的常规日常生活产生巨大不方便。

  对于这一问题,西咸新区管委会表明,核查,海棠湾为村集体用地上基本建设的住宅新项目,暂时无法接通国网。现阶段住宅小区用电量为家居建材市场临时用电,因为冬天用电量猛增造成住宅小区电压不稳,三桥街道办已催促物业管理对配电状况开展整顿。现阶段已融洽工程项目方再连接一条专用型电缆线,改进小区业主的用电量现况。

  华商报小编 杨平。



来源于:华商网-华商报。

编缉:方方正正。

Cultural China: Modern models of sci******

BEIJING, Nov. 14 (Xinhua) -- If there is a single theme throughout the history of science and technology in China, it is self-improvement.

An ancient Chinese saying from "Zhou Yi," or "The Book of Changes," written over 2,000 years ago, goes: One should never stop striving for self-improvement and hold the world with virtue.

Chinese scientists Gu Songfen and Wang Dazhong, who won China's top science award this year, are modern models of the self-taught man.

Born in 1930, Gu is an aircraft designer at the Aviation Industry Corporation of China, Ltd., the country's leading aircraft maker. At the age of 21, he joined China's aviation industry when it was in its infancy.

In 1956, China's first aircraft design office was established in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, and its first task was to develop the country's first homegrown jet aircraft. Gu was appointed head of the aerodynamics team.

Aerodynamics is the "soul" of aircraft design. The study of the way objects move through the air ensures an aircraft can fly efficiently and carry weapons as well as guaranteeing the stable and safe operation of the engine.

However, in the 1950s, China had no aviation experience, equipment or wind tunnels. Gu decided to teach himself.

After finding foreign texts at the library at Beihang University in Beijing, Gu headed to the capital, borrowed a bike and visited the library every day.

He read a range of books and transcribed all the information he could get his hands on.

Based on that information, Gu came up with an aerodynamic design system and on July 26, 1958, after two years of development, his team celebrated the maiden flight of China's first training jet.

Gu went on to work on the development of the J-8, the country's first supersonic jet fighter, which made its first test flight in 1969 but encountered serious vibration problems during subsequent flights.

To identify the cause of the vibrations, Gu volunteered to observe the aircraft in flight himself.

"We didn't have a camera, so it could only be done by a person," he said. He glued skeins of knitting wool to the J-8's rear fuselage and tail wing to observe their flow during flight.

To get a clear view of the way the wool was disturbed, he required two planes to fly just five meters apart, a great risk for him and his pilot. After several flights, he finally found and fixed the problem.

In 1980, he was in charge of the design of J-8-II, which was required to perform at a much higher level than previous aircraft. In four years, Gu's team achieved the maiden flight of the J-8-II, laying the cornerstone for China's supersonic aircraft design.

Gu's endless curiosity drove his spirit of lifelong learning. He continued his scientific inquiries, translated foreign books, talked with young scholars, and even learned Russian, Japanese and German late in life.

Like Gu, Wang Dazhong's life also reflects a belief in self-improvement. Born in 1935, Wang has dedicated himself to the research and development of advanced nuclear energy technologies.

An internationally reputed nuclear scientist, Wang is former president of China's top-ranking Tsinghua University, which also has self-improvement as its motto.

Over the past six decades, Wang has led his team in blazing a trail, turning China from a latecomer to a leader in advanced nuclear energy technologies.

Wang and his colleagues built from scratch China's first self-developed shielded test reactor at a mountain village in the outskirts of Beijing.

The average age of the design group was under 23, and no one had studied abroad or seen a real nuclear reactor. They started by building engineering models and made designs and calculations with hand-cranked machines.

China's first self-developed nuclear reactor was completed in 1964 after six years of development.

After Three Mile Island in the United States in 1979 and Chernobyl in the Soviet Union in 1986, Wang set his eyes on inherent safety and concentrated research into a high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR). Although the development of nuclear energy was at a low ebb globally, Wang's resolution to continue in the field was unshaken.

In 1986, Wang and his team again started from scratch to develop a 10MW HTGR and it reached full-power operation in 2003. Its completion ushered in a new generation of nuclear energy systems that effectively eliminate the possibility of reactor core meltdown.

From there, Wang and his team spent years promoting the transition from experimental reactors to industrial-scale prototype reactors. Their achievements helped China independently master modular HTGR technology, and create a comprehensive development chain, from basic scientific research to commercial manufacture.

Likening scientific research to climbing mountains, Wang said the road to success is full of difficulties and risks and requires the ability to analyze problems, the courage to explore uncharted territory, and resilience in the face of failure.

The lives of these two scientists illustrate the ancient saying and echo the call by Chinese leaders to uphold the central role of innovation in China's modernization drive and to be self-reliant in science and technology as a strategic underpinning for national development. Enditem

东方甄选直播火出圈后,传新东方邀请离职老师“回家”?回应来了

1.美国航空削减11月航班数量 以避免中断

2.凤姐近况:实现财务自由,有独立的私人别墅

3.郭碧婷向佐疑似婚变,郭爸爸否认被向太哄好

4.夏季注意:天再热这几种药也不要放冰箱

© 1996 - 爱购彩-爱购彩登录官网 版权所有 xxxxx

地址:

电话:(总机)

编辑部邮箱:

大发游戏_首页-一分彩-官网-爱购彩-爱购彩登录官网-网上购彩-首页-赢彩彩票-奇趣腾讯分分彩-腾讯奇趣分分彩【官网彩票app下载】-奔驰彩票- 官网首页-大兴彩票-【购彩大厅】-亚投快3_首页-乐购彩-首页-东风彩票App下载_官方版APP-吉祥彩票-官方网站-9万彩票-首页-今日彩票-首页-伯乐彩票-首页-彩1安卓版下载
莫斯科郊外的这起谋杀案,凶手很不简单!| 售6.28-7.28万 宏光MINIEV GAMEBOY限量版上市| 2022中国医师节:致敬健康守护人| 南航助力湖北加快建设交通强国示范区| “圈定”确诊送餐员活动轨迹,他有这些妙招| 京公网安备:11000002000015号| “不想说放弃!”困在生育里的人为试管婴儿上保险,辅助生育保险有用吗?| 四川启动“最高级别”应急响应,当地硅料产能或将受影响| 不管你开什么车,“亮窗”照样罚200,再一次升级| 筹款中介抽成最高达70%?水滴筹回应| 北京预售许可证新规出台!专家:房企资金回笼速度有望加快| 一图读懂,北京医保政策有哪些调整?| 北京:畅游世园公园 邂逅百合花海| 北京6月30日有3地疫情风险等级降级| 美媒:印军重组首推海上战区司令部| 综合消息:亚欧多国疫情严峻 俄外长强调公平分配疫苗| 重大调整!长春市住房公积金管理中心发布通知| Facebook首席运营官桑德伯格再结连理 与相恋三年男友成婚|