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陕西省疾控中心:易感人群最好10月底前完成流感疫苗接种******

入秋以来,我省气温骤降,流感和新冠肺炎疫情同时出现的可能性较大。为了尽可能降低流感对新冠肺炎疫情防控的干扰,更好指导我国流感预防控制和疫苗应用工作,中国疾病预防控制中心近日印发了《中国流感疫苗预防接种技术指南(2021—2022)》,根据该指南,我省也下发了《陕西省流感疫苗接种工作方案(2021版)》。为了让大家更好地了解接种流感疫苗的相关注意事项,合理选择流感疫苗,省疾控中心也发布健康提示,指出由于每年疫苗所含毒株成分因流行优势株不同而有所变化,所以每年都需要接种当年度的流感疫苗,才能得到有效的预防。

哪些人建议接种流感疫苗?

通常接种流感疫苗2—4周后,可产生具有保护水平的抗体,6—8月后抗体滴度开始衰减。陕西省10月至次年3月为流感流行时间,易感人群最好在10月底前完成免疫接种;对10月底前未接种的对象,整个流行季节都可以接种流感疫苗。同一流感流行季节,已按照接种程序完成全程接种的人员,无须重复接种。

那么哪些人建议接种流感疫苗?省疾控中心回应,流感疫苗安全、有效。原则上,≥6月龄所有愿意接种疫苗且无禁忌症的人都可以接种流感疫苗。新冠肺炎疫情的全球大流行还未结束,结合今年新冠肺炎疫情形势,为尽可能降低流感的危害和对新冠肺炎疫情防控的影响,推荐按照优先顺序对重点和高风险人群进行接种。优先接种人群包括医务人员,含临床救治人员、公共卫生人员、卫生检疫人员等;大型活动参加人员和保障人员,建议要求所有的活动参加人员,包括代表、委员、参赛人员、列席人员、工作人员、服务人员、保障人员等至少提前两周接种流感疫苗,其中活动保障人员、无禁忌症者建议全员接种;养老机构、长期护理机构、福利院等人群聚集场所脆弱人群及员工,对以上人员接种流感疫苗,可降低此类集体场所聚集性疫情发生的风险,减少新冠肺炎疫情排查难度和工作量,同时降低老年人群罹患流感及感染后发生严重临床结局的风险。

托幼机构、中小学校等重点场所,是容易发生流感聚集性疫情的重点场所,对此类场所人群接种流感疫苗,可降低人群罹患流感风险和流感聚集性疫情的发生,减少新冠肺炎疫情排查难度和工作量;其他流感高风险人群包括60岁及以上的居家老年人、6月龄—5岁儿童、特定慢性病患者、6月龄以下婴儿的家庭成员和看护人员以及孕妇或准备在流感季节怀孕的女性,降低此类高危人群罹患流感的风险。孕妇可在接种门诊咨询,选择推荐孕妇使用的流感疫苗进行接种。

有哪些注意事项?

接种流感疫苗有哪些注意事项?流感疫苗采取自费、自愿接种的原则,前往正规预防接种门诊均可接种。其中,首次接种或既往接种2剂次以下流感疫苗的6月龄—8岁儿童应接种2剂次,间隔≥4周;2020—2021年度或以前接种过2剂或以上流感疫苗的儿童,则建议接种1剂;9岁及以上儿童和成人仅需接种1剂。省疾控中心特别提醒,需注意对流感疫苗中任意成分(包括辅料、甲醛、裂解剂及抗生素)过敏者;患伴或不伴发热症状的轻中度急性疾病者,建议症状消退后再接种;医生认为不适合接种的人员;疫苗说明书规定的禁忌人群均不可接种。多数人接种流感疫苗后不会出现不良反应,只有个别人会出现发热、注射部位红肿、疼痛等反应,不需要特殊处理,可自行缓解。


来源:西安晚报

编辑:杨蓓蕾

Seven injured in US F******

Seven US sailors were injured on Monday in a Navy F-35C fighter "landing mishap" on an aircraft carrier in the South China Sea, the Navy said.

The accident occurred while the F-35C Lightning II, a stealth combat aircraft, was attempting to land on the USS Carl Vinson during routine flight operations, the US Pacific Fleet said in a statement.

The pilot of the aircraft was in stable condition after ejecting and being rescued by a helicopter.

Seven sailors were injured, three of whom were evacuated to Manila, Philippines, for treatment, where their condition was listed as stable.

Four others were treated aboard the ship, and three have been released, the statement said.

No details were provided on the cause of the incident or the fate of the aircraft. The Pacific Fleet said the incident was under investigation.

The Vinson and another US carrier, the USS Abraham Lincoln, and their strike groups began drills on Sunday in the South China Sea, following exercises with a Japanese naval ship in the Philippine Sea last week.

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Pfizer says COVID******

Pfizer said on Friday that a clinical trial of its pill to treat COVID-19 had shown it is highly effective, hailing it as a big step toward ending the pandemic.。

A simple pill to treat the coronavirus at home has been sought since the start of the global health crisis. So far all treatments have been either intravenous or vaccine shots.。

Pfizer's is the second anti-COVID pill after that of Merck, which is actually an influenza medicine rebranded to fight the coronavirus. Pfizer's has been created specifically to fight COVID-19.。

The Pfizer drug called Paxlovid achieved an 89 percent reduction in risk of hospitalization or death among adult patients with COVID-19 who are at high risk of progressing to severe illness, the US company said.。

The results from the middle-to-late stage clinical trial were so strong that Pfizer will stop recruiting new people for the trial, it said.。

Pfizer will submit the data to the Food and Drug Administration as soon as possible as part of its "rolling submission" for Emergency Use Authorization.。

"Today's news is a real game-changer in the global efforts to halt the devastation of this pandemic," said Pfizer CEO Albert Bourla.。

"These data suggest that our oral antiviral candidate, if approved or authorized by regulatory authorities, has the potential to save patients' lives, reduce the severity of COVID-19 infections, and eliminate up to nine out of 10 hospitalizations," he added.。

Bourla told CNN he hopes the company can submit its authorization request before the Thanksgiving holiday, which this year falls on November 25.。

President Joe Biden said in remarks at the White House that the government has already secured millions of doses of the new medication.。

He said the pill "would be another tool in our toolbox to protect people from the worst outcomes of COVID-19."

The main analysis of the Pfizer pill data looked at numbers from 1,219 adults in North and South America, Europe, Africa and Asia.。

In the days immediately after symptoms appeared, some of them were given the experimental drug and others got a placebo – for five days, every 12 hours.。

Ten people who took the placebo died, while among those who got the Pfizer medication, none did.。

The search for a pill。

Several companies are working on so-called oral antivirals, which would mimic what the drug Tamiflu does for influenza and prevent the disease from progressing to severe.。

Britain on Thursday became the first country to approve an anti-COVID pill, as it greenlit the use of Merck's antiviral drug called molnupiravir to treat patients suffering from mild to moderate coronavirus.。

Pfizer's product is known as a "protease inhibitor" and has been shown in lab testing to jam up the virus' replication machinery.。

If it works in real life, it will likely only be effective at the early stages of infection.。

By the time COVID-19 progresses to severe disease, the virus has largely stopped replicating and patients suffer from an overactive immune response.。

Until now, COVID-19 therapeutics such as monoclonal antibodies and Gilead's remdesivir – authorized for use in the EU under the name Veklury – have been administered intravenously.。

Merck's molnupiravir was initially developed as an inhibitor of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus – two other important acute respiratory infections – by a team at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.。

Britain, which has been one of the countries hardest hit by the pandemic, announced on October 20 that it had ordered 480,000 doses of molnupiravir.。

Pfizer is carrying out two other clinical trials with its pill: among people who are not at risk of progressing to severe COVID-19, and among people close to someone with COVID-19 to see if it protects them against the illness.。

Besides Pfizer and Merck, the Swiss pharma giant Roche is also working on a COVID pill.。

Chinese pandas celebrating 3rd Lunar New Year at Moscow Zoo******

Two giant pandas from China, Ruyi and Dingding, who have been living at the Moscow Zoo since 2019, will enjoy a "festive atmosphere" while celebrating their third Chinese New Year in Russia.

"Zoo staff will make large cardboard toys in the shape of tigers for the pandas, as well as place spruce and fir trees decorated with ice candies with vegetables and fruits inside," zoo head Svetlana Akulova told Xinhua in a recent interview.

She said it would be possible to watch how the pandas celebrate the Lunar New Year not only in person at the zoo, but also online through a live stream on the zoo's official social networks.

The pandas are very popular among visitors, many of whom are already familiar with the personalities of the Chinese guests, according to Akulova.

"Dingding is pickier and moodier, while Ruyi is like an explorer and can sometimes be a bit of a trouble-maker," she said.

"Our employees already recognize these regular visitors and are always happy to answer their questions. There was even a time when a child brought his soft toy panda and introduced it to Ruyi and Dingding," Akulova said.

"I am glad that the Moscow Zoo has chosen to participate in the international program for giant panda preservation, protection and research," she stressed.

Akulova noted that it was significant how "the cultural values of one country, that are portrayed through national symbols, could be accepted and loved in another," especially the giant pandas, which are "definitely the living embodiment of Chinese culture."

解放军总医院第三医学中心为官兵开启5G远程超声诊疗服务

1.NBA决定投资做主题公园,找到“金矿”还是迈入“陷阱”?

2.秦刚会舍曼 美方强调保持沟通管道畅通传递何种信号?

3.北京城市副中心定向松绑"限购",释放了什么信号?

4.南方粮食主产区全力抗旱 保障秋粮“颗粒归仓”

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