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——中国科学院办院方针

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時間:2022-08-28 來源:本站 點擊:258次
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HKFA appoints Andersen as head coach******

HONG KONG, Dec. 18 (Xinhua) -- The Hong Kong Football Association (HKFA) appointed Jorn Andersen as the head coach of Hong Kong, China soccer team on Saturday.。

Born in Norway, Andersen had a career playing for different football clubs in top leagues of Norway, Germany and Switzerland. He was the first foreign player to become the top goalscorer in the Bundesliga.。

Having retired from playing in 2001, Andersen embarked on his coaching career where his experiences straddled across club and national levels, including spells at DPR Korea national team and Incheon United FC of the K-League 1.。

"We extend a warm welcome to Jorn. With his football background in Europe and practical experience in Asia, we are confident that he would be able to inject new elements, help our players fully achieve their potentials, as well as improve our quality and performance," HKFA Chief Executive Officer Joaquin Tam said.。

"His experience in scouting and grooming young players also align with our vision to train up young talents for the future development of Hong Kong football," Tam added.。

Andersen shared his excitement at the appointment: "I'm honored for the opportunity, I hope to use my experience and tactical philosophy in building a strong and competitive team for upcoming international matches."

Under former coach Mixu Paatelainen, Hong Kong, China failed to advance into the third round of 2022 FIFA World Cup Asian qualifiers, after a fourth-place finish of Group C in the second round. Enditem。

Some 5,800 people detained amid riots in Kazakhstan******

Some 5,800 people have been detained in Kazakhstan amid riots, including a number of foreigners, the press service of Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev said on Sunday.。

"Currently, some 125 criminal cases have been initiated, around 5,800 people have been brought to the police, with a significant number of foreign nationals among them," it said in a statement after the operational headquarters' meeting held under the chairmanship of Tokayev.。

The situation has been stabilized in all regions of the country, with the operation of utilities and life support systems being restored, it noted.。

Tokayev, during the meeting, reiterated his determination to fully restore public order and security in the Central Asian country.。

Violent protests sparked by fuel price hikes have been rocking Kazakhstan for several days, leading to multiple deaths and many injuries.。

In response to the protests, Tokayev accepted the government's resignation on Wednesday and has sought help from the Collective Security Treaty Organization to put an end to the mounting unrest.。

The president has declared a day of national mourning on January 10 to commemorate the deceased.。

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双语热点:海藻制成的新材料能否解决塑料危机?******

最近有报告指出,人类仅有不到10年的时间来拯救不可逆转的塑料垃圾危机。当前越来越多的行业与企业正在探寻更多的塑料替代品解决方案,在包装领域,一些新材料科技初创公司正在开展藻类包装的解决方案。海藻是一种可食用、完全生物降解的包装材料,旨在让包装能够自然地消失,最终取代塑料。而海藻的优势在于,它是地球上最充足的生物质来源之一。

Can seaweed help solve the world's plastic crisis?

After you finish your fries, eat the ketchup packet. When you add your pasta to boiling water, toss the bag into the pot, too.

吃完薯条后,吃番茄酱包。当你把意大利面放入沸水时,把袋子也扔进锅里。

If these instructions sound confusing to you, it's only because you haven't yet heard of Notpla, a London-based startup company that is designing a seaweed-based replacement for single-use plastic packaging. Founded in 2014, the company closed a £10 million ($13.5 million) Series A financing round last month, led by the VC firm Horizons Ventures, to scale and further develop its product line.

如果这些食品说明让您感到困惑,那只是因为您还没有听说过 Notpla。这是一家总部位于伦敦的初创企业,正在设计一种以海藻为原料的一次性塑料包装替代品。该公司成立于 2014 年,上个月完成了由风险投资公司维港投资(Horizons Ventures)领投的 1000 万英镑(1350 万美元)A 轮融资,以扩大和进一步完善其产品线。

Notpla's products are meant to be composted or dissolved after use -- though some are edible, too. Current offerings include sachets for condiments, water and even alcohol; a film wrap for products in your pantry or bathroom, like coffee or toilet paper; and takeaway boxes that replace plastic-based coating with seaweed lining to make them fully biodegradable.

Notpla旨在开发出使用后可堆肥或溶解的包装产品——有些产品也可以食用。目前的产品包括调味品、水甚至酒精的小包装袋;用于食品储藏室或浴室产品的薄膜包装,如咖啡或卫生纸;还有外卖盒,用海藻涂层代替塑料涂层,使其完全可生物降解。

Notpla design director Karlijn Sibbel says they look to nature as inspiration "for the ideal packaging," like the skin on a fruit. "A peel will eventually be used (as nutrients) by nature, and disappear and become a part of the cycle," she said.

Notpla 设计总监 Karlijn Sibbel 表示,他们将大自然视为“理想包装”的灵感来源,就像水果皮一样。 “果皮最终会被大自然所用(作为营养物质),然后消失并成为循环的一部分,”她说。

The approach feels especially relevant as the world is coming to terms with the effects of decades of unfettered plastic production. According to the UN, 300 million tonnes (331 million tons) of plastic waste are produced globally each year, and out of the estimated 8.3 billion tonnes (9.15 billion tons) of plastic produced since the early 1950s, about 60% has been landfilled or discarded outdoors.

全球数十年来的塑料生产不受任何约束,为了降低塑料所带来的影响,这种方法显得尤为重要。据联合国称,全球每年产生 3 亿吨(3.31 亿吨)塑料垃圾,自上世纪五十年代初以来,估计产生的 83 亿吨(91.5 亿吨)塑料中,约 60% 被填埋或丢弃在户外。

Over the past few years, there has been a growing movement against single-use plastics as many experts have argued the products are unnecessary and harmful, and businesses have come under fire for using them excessively. In the US, some states and municipalities have taken action: New York banned most plastic shopping bags, and in Miami Beach, plastic straws have been outlawed. Overseas, the European Union put a broad ban on single-use plastics into effect this summer, and India plans to follow suit next year, the government announced in August.

在过去的几年里,反对一次性塑料制品的运动越来越多,因为许多专家认为这些产品是不必要的和有害的,而且企业因过度使用它们而受到抨击。在美国,一些州和市政当局已采取行动:纽约禁止使用大多数塑料购物袋,而在迈阿密海滩,塑料吸管已被取缔。欧盟今年夏天对一次性塑料实施了广泛的禁令,印度政府在 8 月宣布,计划于明年效仿相应措施。

Notpla's founders, Rodrigo García González and Pierre Paslie, initially looked to seaweed as the solution to the world's plastic problem because it is abundant, grows quickly, doesn't compete with land crops, and sequesters carbon from the air, Sibbel explained.

Sibbel 解释说,Notpla 的创始人 Rodrigo García González 和 Pierre Paslie 最初将海藻视为解决全球塑料问题的方法,因为它产量丰富、生长迅速、不与土地作物争土壤,并且可以从空气中吸收二氧化碳。

"Seaweed doesn't use land; it doesn't use pesticides," Sibbel said. "It can grow into the ocean and the sea, where it actually has a lot of positive benefits so it can create new ecosystems for other organisms to thrive in."

“海藻不使用土壤;它不使用杀虫剂,”Sibbel 说。 “它可以在海洋中生长,在那里它实际上有很多积极的好处,它可以为其他生物创造新的生态系统。”

Since its founding, the startup has been awarded grants from the British government agency Innovate UK and the circular economy nonprofit Ellen MacArthur Foundation for its first product, the Ooho sachet, which holds single servings of liquids. The new financing round will go toward ramping up the production of the Ooho and Notpla coating, while further developing their new seaweed paper and multipurpose film wrap.

自成立以来,这家初创公司因其第一个产品 Ooho 小袋而获得了英国政府机构 创新英国(Innovate UK)和循环经济非营利组织艾伦·麦克阿瑟基金会(Ellen MacArthur Foundation) 的资助,该产品可容纳单份液体。新一轮融资将用于提高 Ooho 和 Notpla 涂层的生产,同时进一步开发新的海藻纸和多用途薄膜包装。

The paper is made from the fibers left over from creating other Notpla products and can be used to make items like gift wrap or clothes tags, while the film wrap can hold most dry goods or wet goods with low water content.

这种海藻纸是由制作其他 Notpla 产品时剩下的纤维制成的,可用于制作礼品包装或衣服标签等物品,而薄膜包装可容纳大多数干货或含水量低的湿货。

"The exciting thing is that this is a film that can replace most of the flexible packaging that you see around," Sibbel said. The potential contents could include coffee grounds, toilet paper or the screws included for furniture assembly. For food items, such as pasta, they have even experimented with adding flavors to the packaging, so that dissolving the bag could add seasoning to the skillet.

“令人兴奋的是,这是一种可以取代你周围看到的大多数软包装的薄膜,”Sibbel 说。潜在的物品可能包括咖啡渣、卫生纸或用于家具组装的螺丝。对于意大利面等食品,他们甚至尝试在包装中添加调味剂,以便溶解袋子可以为煎锅添加调味料。

Industry shifts

行业转移

Some of Notpla's products are available online, but the company has also landed some major partnerships in the UK and around Western Europe to provide beverages at festivals like DGTL in Amsterdam and Glastonbury in Somerset. In 2019, Notpla distributed 36,000 Oohos filled with the energy drink Lucozade Sport during the London Marathon, and it provided edible Glenlivet capsules at London Cocktail Week.

Notpla 的一些产品可以在线购买,但该公司还在英国和西欧各地建立了一些主要的合作伙伴关系,在阿姆斯特丹的 DGTL 和萨默塞特的格拉斯顿伯里等节日提供饮料。 2019 年,Notpla 在伦敦马拉松期间分发了 36,000 个装有能量饮料 Lucozade Sport 的 Oohos,并在伦敦鸡尾酒周期间提供了可食用的 Glenlivet 胶囊。

Last year, the startup tested 30,000 takeaway boxes at different UK restaurants in collaboration with the online food ordering service Just Eat, and plans are underway to offer the boxes around Europe in 2022.

去年,这家初创公司与在线食品订购服务 Just Eat 合作,在不同的英国餐厅测试了 30,000 个外卖盒,并计划在 2022 年在欧洲各地提供外卖盒。

As they scale up, Notpla's team hopes seaweed could replace single-use plastic in the supply chain more broadly, Sibbel said, but with the volume of plastics used around the world, she understands the enormity of such a task.

Sibbel 说,随着生产规模的扩大,Notpla 的团队希望海藻可以更广泛地取代供应链中的一次性塑料,但鉴于世界各地使用的塑料数量众多,她理解这项任务的艰巨性。

"I don't think one material (or) one solution is going to solve everything, but we think that seaweed really ticks the right boxes," she said.

“我不认为一种材料(或)一种解决方案可以解决所有问题,但我们认为海藻确实符合要求,”她说。

Rethinking when and why we used plastic will be crucial to Notpla breaking into other industries, Sibbel said. "Plastic can do a lot of things," she added. But it's about asking, "Is it really necessary for this application?"

Sibbel 说,重新思考我们何时以及为何使用塑料对于 Notpla 进入其他行业至关重要。 “塑料可以做很多事情,”她补充道。但关键是提出疑问,“这个使用真的有必要吗?”

"You don't have to have the properties of plastic. Why are we using plastic?" Sibbel asked, laughing. "I really hope to see the industry move and also embrace (change) in a positive way."

“你不必具备塑料的特性。我们为什么要使用塑料?”西贝尔笑着问道。 “我真的希望看到这个行业发生变化,并以积极的方式拥抱(改变)。”

中国军舰放缓下饺子 这个问题急待解决 不然将出现甜蜜的尴尬******

原标题:中国军舰放缓下饺子 这个问题急待解决 不然将出现甜蜜的尴尬

近年来,中国的造舰速度堪称恐怖,几年之间就服役了50多艘056轻型护卫舰、29艘054A导弹护卫舰、10艘052D导弹驱逐舰、1艘055万吨大驱,外加1艘国产航母。中国海军的舰艇建造之快、数量之多可谓是冷战结束后当之无愧的世界第一。

但进入2019年后,海军舰艇下水、服役的消息明显少于往年同期,全然没了之前那股"下饺子"的热闹劲,对此,有西方军事评论员认为,中国造舰速度下降是因为军费不足,难以支撑海军的进一步扩张,然而我国2019年的国防预算为1776亿美元,相比去年增长7.5%,完全不存在没钱造舰的情况,造舰速度之所以下降,主要是为了防止海军一口吃成个大胖子,最终出现消化不良的情况。

目前,人民海军可以说是面临着幸福的烦恼,新军舰、大军舰比10年前多了太多,可是却没有足够多的官兵来操纵这些新服役的战舰,为了填补人员缺口,海军一方面从驱逐舰支队这样的主力部队抽调人手,但在新舰形成战斗力之前,这样无疑会削弱老部队的战斗力;另一方面,原本护卫舰乃至导弹艇上的官兵也被"赶"上了更大的舰船服役,从老旧落后的舰艇来到现代化的军舰上服役,这部分官兵必然需要通过长时间的磨合训练才能真正掌握手中的武器。简而言之,"下饺子"使得海军装备的先进程度和数量大大提升了,但在战斗力质量的问题上,海军最近确实面临着不小的困难,人员和装备的磨合需要大量时间,如果再维持之前的"下饺子"速度,将对海军正常的战斗力生成造成负面影响。

由于历史欠账,人民海军内长期装备着大量落后陈旧的舰艇,为了应对现代海战的挑战,自然需要大规模换装,"下饺子"初期,"饿"了几十年的海军部队能够很容易地消化新服役的舰船,但当新舰的数量达到一定规模后,部队也出现了消化不良的问题。

至于为什么不把海军整个换新,主要还是出于维持海军现有战斗力和节约成本的考虑,瞬间的换血会使人民海军缺乏人与装备的磨合,战斗力在一定时期内会不升反降。再者,有些服役了一二十年的舰艇与054A、052D比起来当然是旧了些,但它们的服役周期要么还未过半,要么还是所在部队的主力舰只,过早退役实在是一种浪费。

过去几年我们下的饺子里056、054A这样的中轻型护卫占了新舰的大部分,这也与我国近海防御部队舰船老化落后、急需补充有关,造完这些舰船后,我军"下饺子"的速度自然就慢了下来,毕竟后面配套航母战斗群的远洋舰船的建设才是真正难啃的骨头。

目前,我国首艘国产航母已经进行了多次海试,距离正式服役已经为时不远,新航母的建造更是有条不紊地进行着。作为未来航母战斗群的防空核心,第七艘055大驱也已经在船厂露面,加长款052D同样开始下水,这些大舰才是人民海军走向深蓝的本钱,其建造难度和重要性远非中小型舰艇可比。最近中国虽然没有服役多少新舰,但服役的无一不是精品,这也意味着中国海军的建设迈上了一个全新的台阶,在满足了基本的数量需求后,人民海军对质的要求越来越高。(利刃/KYJ)

赵丽颖"与凤行"还没播就已曝多套造型

1.白宫发言人:拜登在与泽连斯基通话中重申对乌支持

2.走进县城看发展丨琴声悠扬 “桐”奏幸福乐章

3.2438套!海淀这个安置房项目迎来新进展!

4.2022年中国网络文明大会,天津准备好了!

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